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Libya and new international relations

Verantwortlicher Autor: Carlo Marino Rome, 03.07.2018, 07:37 Uhr
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Rome [ENA] Libya continues to be the epicentre of conflict dynamics with far-reaching implications for both neighboring countries and Europe. The Search for Stability in Libya implies also OSCE’s potential role in international efforts to stabilize the Mediterranean country which has been ravaged by a destructive civil war. The conflict in Libya has seen the OSCE’s growing engagements in the Mediterranean region and Libya’s

abortive requests to joint the OSCE Mediterranean Partnership. Till now there were major internal and external obstacles to peace-building and stabilization in Libya, notwithstanding the role of regional, European and international actors involved in the country. Another issue to be considered is Moscow’s evolving policy and interests in Libya. Contemporary developments in Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are characterized by a breakdown in dialogue as competing visions about the future of power, governance and state-society relations are being played out across the region. Seven years since the Arab uprisings, this breakdown has given rise to violent conflicts and proxy wars, various degrees of state collapse and the spread

of identity politics and sectarianism. There is also a sort of relative retrenchment of US and Western influence and a partial Russian “return” to the Middle East. Key regional actors are enhancing their independent action, pursuing their interests through instrumental alliances that are fostering trends of volatility and fragmentation. Similar trends are also evident at the international level. Resurgent East-West tensions, particularly clear cut since the 2014 crisis in Ukraine, and the rise of China are today joined by a strong uneasiness within the transatlantic alliance, tensions within NATO and the continuation of a rough recovery process within the post-Brexit EU.

These shifts present risks and challenges as international norms and principles are weakened by new geopolitical and great power rivalry, populist, nationalistic and protectionist trends and a growing crisis of liberal democracy. The great complexities and conflictuality of present-day international relations reflect a gradual fraying of multilateralism. In contrast to Fukuyama’s famous “end of history” dictum, the present international scenario is characterized by an opulence of historical event.

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